Household Toxins

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The following is a list of common toxins that you will find in your home. 

I recommend that if your bird is seriously sick or injured, Please see a Veterinarian.  If you prolong anything, you will be risking your pets life.  Use of any of these treatments is by discretion of you, the bird owner.

All information is provided by a Toxic worksheet that was given to me by my Veterinarian.  I thought I would share it with others.

A list of toxins are at the bottom of the page.
Agent Toxic Components Clinical Effects Treatment
Bleaches & Pool Chemicals Chlorine Photophobia, epiphore, coughing, sneezing, hyperventilation, GI irritation or ulceration Dilution with water or milk orally, irrigate skin with cool water, GI protectant, demulcent
Cleaning Agents, Accumulated Excrement Ammonia Respiratory tract irritation, immune suppression Fresh air, antibiotics, supportive care
Combustion Exhaust (autos, furnaces) Carbon monoxide Somnolence, depression, cyanosis, death Fresh air, oxygen, warmth, support
Denture Cleaners Sodium perborate Direct irritation, salivation, lacrimation, vomiting, sometimes CNS depression Irrigate with water, GI protectant, demulcent
Deodorants Aluminum Chloride, aluminum chlorhydrate Oral irritation and necrosis, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, incoordination & nephrosis Careful lavage of crop & proventriculus
Detergents (anionic) Sulfonated or phosphorylated forms, alkaline product Dermal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, GI distension, usually not fatal Lavage with water
Detergents (cationic) Quaternary ammonium with alkyl or anyl substituent groups Vomiting, depression, collapse, coma, may cause corrosive esophageal damage Oral milk or activated charcoal. Soap for surface areas. Treat seizures & shock as needed
Drain Cleaners Sodium hydroxide, Sodium hypochlorite Caustic to skin & mucous membranes, irritation, inflammation, edema, necrosis, burns in mouth, tongue, pharynx Flush affected area with water or milk. Do not use emetics or lavage. Treat for shock & pain 
Fireworks Nitrates, chlorates, mercury, antimony, copper, stontium, barium, phosphorus Abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody feces, rapid shallow respiration, chlorates may cause methemoglobinemia Crop or gastric lavage. Use methylene blue or ascorbic acid for  methemoglobinemia. Treat for specific metal(s) ingested
Furniture Polish Petroleum, hydrocarbons, mineral spirits Early CNS depression, disorientation, necrosis, mucosal irritation, aspiration or hydrocarbon pneumonia, hepatorenal damage Prevent aspiration pneumonia. Avoid gastric lavage or proceed with caution. Monitor & treat for pneumonia
Gasoline, Crude Oil Petroleum & petroleum distillates GI irritation, skin & feather damage, aspiration pneumonia Wash feathers & skin with mild soap & water. Vegetable or mineral oil gavage. Antibiotics & supportive care
Matches potassium chloride Gastroenteritis, vomiting, chlorates may induce methemoglobinemia with cyanosis & hemolysis Treat symptomatically. Use methylene blue or ascorbic acid for methemoglobinemia
Paint/ Varnish Removers Benzene, methanol, toluene, acetone Dermal irritation, depression, narcosis, pneumonia, hepatorenal damage Prevent aspiration pneumonia. Avoid gastric lavage or proceed with caution. Monitor & treat for pneumonia. Rinse contact areas thoroughly with warm water
Pencils Graphite GI Irritation Demulcent
Perfumes Volatile oils Local irritation of skin & mucous membranes, pneumonitis, hepatorenal damage with albuminuria, hematuria, glycosuria, excitement, ataxia, coma if ingested, gastric or crop lavage with weak bicarbonate solution. Prevent aspiration. Demulcents. Provide plenty of ventilation
Pine Oil Disinfectants pine oil 5-10%, phenols 2-6% Gastritis, vomiting, diarrhea, followed by CNS depression, occasional mild seizures, phenols may induce nephrosis If ingested, gastric or crop lavage with caution to prevent aspiration. Mineral oil. Monitor pulmonary & renal function. Provide fresh air if strong fumes are present.
Overheated Non-stick Cookware, Drip Pans, Heat Lamps, Irons, Ironing Board Covers Polytetrafluoroethylene Sudden death, dyspnea, depression, pulmonary hemorrhage Fresh air or oxygen, fluids, steroids for pulmonary edema, antibiotics, supportive care
Poor Grade Peanuts, Peanut Waste, Moldy Grains, Corn & Corn Screenings, Moldy Cheeses, Meats Mycotoxins: aflatoxin, ochratoxin, trichothecenes Gastrointestinal irritation, dermal irritation, oral necrosis, secondary infections due to immunosuppression Clean feed, antibiotics for secondary infections. Treatment as indicated for clinical syndromes
Rodenticides Anticoagulants Weakness, dyspnea, hemorrhage, petechiation, anemia Vitamin K(2.5-5 mg/kg) IM or PO every 24 hours. minimize stress. Warfarin, treat for 10-14 days. Chlorophacinone, treat for 21-28 days. Brodifacoum, treat for 28-30 days. 
Rodenticides Cholecalciferol Cause hypercalcemia & renal failure, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, PU/PD Activated charcoal, fluid therapy. If hypercalcemic, saline diureses, prednisolone PO2 mg/kg every 12 hours, furosemide 2-5 mg/kg every 8-12 hours, salmon calcitonin SC 4-6 IU/kg every 2-3 hours until calcium stable (mammal protocal)
Rubbing Alcohol or Alcohol in Alcohol Ethyl alcohol Impaired motor coordination, cutaneous hyperemia, vomiting, progress to peripheral vascular collapse, hypothermia Gastric or crop lavage. monitor temperature cardiac & pulmonary function
Shampoo Laurel sulfates & triethanolamine dodecyl sulfate Ocular irritation, stimulation of mucous production, ingestion cause diarrhea Activated charcoal or kaolin orally
Salt, Crackers, Chips, Prepared Foods, Salt Water, Sea Sand (as grit) Sodium chloride Gastrointestinal irritation, dehydration, depression, weakness, PU/PD, death Rehydration, offer small amounts of water frequently, SQ, IV or IO fluids, supportive care
Styptic Pencil Potassium aluminum sulfate Corrosive due to release of sulfuric acid during hydrolysis of the salt, oral necrosis from chewing on pencils Oral neutralizer such as magnesium oxide or hydroxide. Do not give bicarbonate orally for acid poisonings.
Below are some Common toxins found in the environment and what the results can be.
Toxins Results
Alcohol Depression, regurgitation
Aminoglycosides Real tubular necrosis
Arsenic Pruritus, polyuria, dyspnea, death
Atropine Gastrointestinal stasis
Brodifacoum Death
Cephaloridine Blindness
Chloramphenicol Death
Chlorine Eiphora, upper respiratory signs, tachypnea
Chocolate Vomiting, diarrhea, death
Cigarette smoke Dermatitis, sinusitis, pneumonitis
copper Anemia, weakness, death
Coumarin Fatal Hemorrhage
Cythioate Death
Diazinon Death
Dihydrostreptomycin Paralysis, death
Dimetridazole Incoordination, ataxia, seizures, death
Fenbendazole Depression, ataxia, mydriasis
Formaldehyde Epiphora, upper respiratory signs, death
Gentamicin Apnea, renal tubular necrosis, death
Ivermectin (propylene glycol formulation) Weakness, death
Lead Arsenate Depression, CNS signs, death
Levamisole Depression, vomiting, ataxia, mydriasis, paralysis, death (hepatotoxicity)
Lincomycin Death
Medroxyprogesterone Lethergy, obesity, polydipsia, fatty liver
Mercury Depression, hematuria, death
Metronidazole Death in finches
Niclosamide Death
Nicotine Depression, dyspnea, coma, death
Nitrates Anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, ataxia, convulsions, death
Nitrothiazole Death
Polymyxin B Lethargy, ataxia, vomiting, death
Polytetrafluoroethylene gas Dyspnea, seizures, death
Praziquantel Depression, death
Procaine penicillin Paralysis, death
Rotenone Vomiting, ataxia, convulsions, death
Selenium sulfide Death
Sodium chloride Depression, PU/PD, ataxia, convulsions, death
Ticarcillin Hepatotoxicity
Vitmain D3 Calcification of kidneys & other organs
Zinc Depression, vomiting, ataxia, death
All information is provided by a Toxic worksheet that was given to me by my Veterinarian.  I thought I would share it with others.